Welcome to the Christmas Special
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!
Kirsten, Eefje, Hüsna, Joep and Rick
Which eponyms are we looking for???
The Monteggia fracture is a fracture of the proximal third of the ulna with dislocation of the proximal head of the radius. It is named after Giovanni Battista Monteggia.
”Aspirin has been linked with this syndrome, so use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers for fever or pain. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 3, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin.’ (Mayoclinic)
Reye’s Syndrome was first describe in 1963. It may occur at any age in childhood, although higher rates in children < 2 years of age. Death occurs in ~30-40% of cases due to brainstem dysfunction. The etiology is not clearly known. An association (although not clear causality) is described between recent viral illness and aspirin therapy.
”This disease is also known as American trypanosomiasis, is a tropical parasitic disease caused by the protist Trypanosoma cruzi. It is spread mostly by insects known as Triatominae.”’
”’ Chagas disease is an inflammatory, infectious disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is found in the feces of the triatomine (reduviid) bug. Chagas disease is common in South America, Central America and Mexico, the primary home of the triatomine bug. ”
A 9 year old male presents to your emergency department with a chief complaint of abdominal pain.
Henoch–Schonlein Purpura (HSP) is an immune-mediated small vessel vasculitis. Compared to purpura commonly caused by thrombocytopenia, the etiology of the purpuric lesions in HSP are secondary to IgA-mediated immune complex deposition in the skin.
This is a system of categorizing scapula fractures involving the glenoid fossa.
A 55 years old patient comes in with a rash after starting with ibuprofen for a backache 5 days ago.
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) is a rare type IV hypersensitivity reaction with sheet-like skin loss and mucosal ulceration.
A 60 years old patient comes in with fever and upper belly pain. You find this on POCUS and pressing the probe hurts. What is this sign called?
”If a patient’s hand flushes fully and rapidly after an artery is released, that artery, the palmar arch, and the digital arteries are patent. If pallor persists throughout the hand, the artery that was released is occluded. Pallor in patches indicates insufficiency of the smaller vessels.”
This quiz was written by Eefje Verschuuren, Kirsten van der Zwet, Hüsna Sahin and Joep Hermans
Reviewed and edited by Rick Thissen